Mina Klabin Warchavchik, a pioneer in modern Brazilian landscaping
Mina Klabin Warchavchik, a pioneer in modern Brazilian landscaping, used tropical plants to found a new sensitivity to native vegetation, contribute to the resolutions of the Brazilian Modern Movement and launched a garden proposal that valued Brazilian Modern Architecture, leveraged by her husband, Gregori Warchavchik.
Rhythmic gardens, which sometimes stretch up to the sidewalk, fit and contrast with the architecture and its rigid geometric shapes. The cacti become the trademark of the landscaper and among pines, dracenas, agaves, palm trees, and even guapuruvus, tree of the interior, that happens to have its presence in the urban gardens designed by Mina, opened the paths for modern Brazilian landscaping, which will reach its apogee in the 1940s, with Roberto Burle Marx.
The tropical character takes place as a search and construction of a Brazilian identity, a course searched by all the artists of the time, such as Tarsila do Amaral, Anita Malfatti, Lasar Segall, Oswald de Andrade, among others. Soon, the new symbolic language articulated in the gardens of Mina, although confined to the lots and still under strong French influence of discipline, is the beginning of the materialization of the national landscaping.
Text: Giovanna Melo
Images: Gregori Warchavchik Collection
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